Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is largely based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, yarn into fabric. These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes which are then converted into useful goods such as clothing, household items, upholstery and various industrial products. Different types of fibres are used to produce yarn.
EXPLAINATION OF THE 4 STAGES IN TEXTILE MANUFACTURING PROCESS
Currently, textile production units include significant quality of textile process for manufacturing that adds value in fiber. The cloth production is not an output of few stages but it do undergoes from various steps. The process describing the stages of manufacturing procedure is listed below:
STEP 1: Spinning or Yarn Manufacturing
STEP 2: Weaving or Cloth Manufacturing
STEP 3: Dyeing + Printing + Finishing
STEP 4: Garments Manufacturing
Spinning is a procedure of producing/converting fiber materials in yarns. On an initial stage it goes through the blowroom where the size of cotton becomes smaller by the help of machinery followed by carding. After carding, the process is continued by drawing which includes attenuating in spinning mills. The sliver produced by drawing is then processed for combining where consistent size of cloth is attained. It is then stepped further for roving for purpose to prepare input package. This roving is attenuated by rollers and then spun around the rotating spindle.
Weaving is second level after spinning. Here, the yarn from spinning section is sent further for doubling and twisting. It is than processed for shifting of yarn in convenient form of package containing sufficient yarn length. At the stage of creeling the exhausted packages are replaced with the new ones which is followed by wraping. The wrap yarn is provided a protective coating to lessen the breakage of yarn which is called as sizing. It is considered as an important segment. This yarn is then processed for winding on weavers beam supported by the final step of weaving.
Dyeing as well as printing of fabrics are usually carried before the application of other finishes to the product in dyeing mills. It provides colour to fabric and also improves the appearance of it. The product is then converted from woven to knitted cloth known as finishing. Finishing is specifically carried after dyeing or printing to give a specific look.
Garment manufacturing is the end procedure converting semi-finished cloth into finished cloth. There are various steps completed by garment manufacturing companies for the production of cloth. These processes include- Designing, Sampling, Costing, Maker Making Cutting, Sewing Washing, Finishing, Packing, Final Inspection, Dispatch and much more.